tribes in the West were becoming Romanized. Ships continued to sail from Venice along the Adriatic coast and the coast of Greece to the great city on the Bosporus. In 754 Pippin agreed to protect Rome from the Lombards and the pope issued a decree that all Carolingian kings must descend from Pippin. Emperor Leo III, Byzantiums emperor died and was replaced by Constantine. He points out that it is often held that there was an economic revival in the early days of the Carolingian era. They didnt have a fleet and couldnt deal with pirates. "Christian navigation, however, continued active only in the Orient, and the furthermost point of Southern Italy remained in communication with the Orient. Pirennes major thesis is that it was the advance of Islam rather than the Germanic invasions that caused the break with antiquity and the consequent decline of Western civilization in the Middle Ages. However, Gregory pulled back from a complete break with Byzantium.
Pirenne S, thesis, iN THE economic history OF europe Pirenne, Henri mohammed AND charlemagne Threats, to, indian, democracy Introduction to Shakespeare s, juliet from, romeo and Juliet
Critical to this trade was gold since the dominant nature of trade continued to be with money, not barter. Charlemagne was not in any sense the successor of Dagobert, but of Charles Martel and Pippin. The papacy in Rome recognized the emperor and in exchange the pope was regarded as the highest level of religious authority in the Empire, superior to any of the eastern religious leaders of Christianity. However, by 634 annotate an essay the Empire was in a depleted situation. In the 6th and 7th centuries there was still a Mediterranean with which the Merovingians were constantly in touch, and the Imperial tradition still survived in many domains of life. Even when the Carolingians got a foothold in the Gaulic Mediterranean they couldnt really exploit this as an economic advantage. Charlemagne remained in northern Europe and gave the Lombards a significant degree of home rule.
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