theory (Gardner, 1993 Pritchard) offer learning paradigms to explain how individuals learn. Thorndike believed that responses to stimuli are strengthening when it is followed by a satisfying consequence. Infants and children were mostly viewed as a smaller version of show more content. For example if a classical song is being played that the students dont know or like the teacher can play it repeatedly so they can get an understanding of it and eventually the students will enjoy the music because of the repetition of the song. In music classical conditioning is where students can be conditioned to like or enjoy a piece of music. By the end of each stage children are expected to achieve the milestones of that stage. The constructivism theory tends to be associated with active learning because5 individuals learn from experiences, something that was already did. Teacher led skill and drill activities such as learning basic fractions by heart results in children not being able to explain their actions. Pre Peri-Natal Psychology Journal, 11, 151-162. The essay can be much stronger if the writer included examples of the how human characteristics are affected by the principles of the two theories. The argument succeeds at giving two points of view natural and man-made effects on development to support the main idea.
The constructivist theory argues that individuals can generate knowledge from interactions between experiences and ideas. In a behaviourist classroom children do not have the autonomy of choosing their activities. Such opportunities would afford learner engagement and optimise the possibility of retained and effective learning (Woolfolk, 2008). Another research (Lafunte., 1997) indicates that pre-natal learning might have effects on future learning. Learning occurs in many ways, psychologist believe that learning is the key concept of living whether its intentional or unintentional which is why they came up with the learning theories. There are many theories about how children develop and what roles the environment plays, what people affect their lives and how events can shape their personalities. An active learning approach can be achieved by encouraging students to explore concepts and ideas, and to follow their instincts (Wray Lewis, 1997). Sigmund Freud (1856-1939 human development and growth is always driven by motives and emotions that people hold and which people are mostly unaware of those motives and emotions.